Cyprus is recognized as the "Pearl of the Mediterranean" for its location and rich history. It is known for its wealth of unspoiled nature, untapped resources, historical sites, beaches and surrounding sea.
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean and is located 65 km from Turkey, 100 km from Syria and 420 km from Egypt.
Cyprus is a magical Mediterranean island. Since 1974, following a conflict between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriots, the island has been divided into two separate states, North Cyprus and South Cyprus. The two states are separated by a green line and are protected by the United Nations peacekeeping force. Despite the peace talks between the two countries, Nicosia still remains as the “last divided capital in the world” and continues to host guests of different cultures.
Northern Cyprus has an area of 3.355 square kilometers or about 36.5% of the entire island.
Provinces of Northern Cyprus with their respective regions and populations:
1. Nicosia (Capital) (513 km ² - 98.739)
2. Kyrenia (690 km ² - 73.577)
3. Famagusta (997 km ² - 69.839)
4. Güzelyurt (381 km ² - 31.254)
5. İskele (774 km ² - 23.356)
Border Gate and Passage
The border gates between North and South Cyprus were opened for free passage on 23 April 2003. There are currently 7 active border gates. Cypriot Turks (those born in T.R.N.C), Cypriot Greeks holding Republic of Cyprus passports and EU citizens can use transit points without any restrictions.
There are 3 airports in North Cyprus, including Ercan International Airport. All airports are included in the international flight traffic network. The largest of the three ports in our country is the port of Famagusta. Its importance as a commercial seaport has made it the largest in North Cyprus.
The education system of Northern Cyprus consists of 4 levels: pre-school (age 3-6 years), primary education (6-12 years old), secondary education (12-18 years old) and higher education (age 18+). In addition, all children between the ages of 5 and 15 must attend full time at the school. Education provided by the state, including higher education, is paid through taxes.
Health. The medicine
There are 51 hospitals in North Cyprus, both public and private. In addition, the health sector is dependent on support from Turkey, which is growing as a result of the agreement signed between the Turkish Republic and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.